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Why Governments Waste Natural Resources: Policy Failures in Developing Countries epub download

by Professor William Ascher


Recently, the direct distribution of natural resource wealth through cash transfers ( resources-to-cash ) has been .

Recently, the direct distribution of natural resource wealth through cash transfers ( resources-to-cash ) has been recommended to help avoid the resource curse. Mongolia is perhaps the only developing country that has actually introduced a resources-to-cash scheme. While the scheme has showed mixed results, overall it has been a failure, losing political and public support because of design and. implementation flaws.

Explores the complex political and programmatic reasons why government officials in Third World countries often wilfully adopt wasteful natural resource policies. Drawing on 16 case studies from Africa, Asia and Latin America, the author documents how clashes among government agencies have led to results ranging from Indonesia's deforestation to the collapse of the Mexican water system, from the destruction of cocoa farms in Ghana to the waste of Nigeria's oil wealth.

Cite this article as: Schuh, . 1023/A:1021365709647. Publisher Name Kluwer Academic Publishers. Print ISSN 0032-2687. Online ISSN 1573-0891. Reprints and Permissions.

In this groundbreaking book, William Ascher discovers the complex political and programmatic reasons why government . He is the author of Natural Resource Policymaking in Developing Countries and Communities and Sustainable Forestry in Developing Countries.

In this groundbreaking book, William Ascher discovers the complex political and programmatic reasons why government officials in Third World countries often willfully adopt wasteful natural resource policies. Drawing on sixteen case studies from Africa.

From different perspectives, these two books examine resource management in developing countries. Elhance looks at six politically important river basins - Parana, Nile, Jordan, Euphrates, Ganges, and Mekong - all of which require international cooperation to exploit fully. Ascher asks a different question: Why have developing countries so often badly managed natural resources? He draws on numerous case studies, including not only water management (Mexico) but also oil (five countries), copper (Chile and India), and forests and timber (seven countries).

Start by marking Why Governments Waste Natural Resources: Policy Failures .

Start by marking Why Governments Waste Natural Resources: Policy Failures In Developing Countries as Want to Read: Want to Read savin. ant to Read.

Policy Failures in Developing Countries. The Johns Hopkins University Press. Halting Degradation of Natural Resources: Is There a Role for Rural Communities? Oxford, . Benin, S. and J. Pender. Land Rental Markets and Land Management in the Highlands of Ethiopia.

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In this groundbreaking book, William Ascher discovers the complex political and programmatic reasons why government officials in Third World countries often willfully adopt wasteful natural resource policies. Drawing on sixteen case studies from Africa, Asia, and Latin America, Ascher goes beyond the trite answers of greed and incompetence to document how clashes among government agencies have led to results ranging from Indonesia's deforestation to the collapse of the Mexican water system, from the destruction of cocoa farms in Ghana to the waste of Nigeria's oil wealth.

Covering a broad range of natural resources--forests, land, minerals, oil, and water--Ascher finds striking parallels in both the rationales for abusing natural resources and the strategies governments employ to pursue other goals at the expense of sustainable natural resource exploitation. Yet he also finds parallels--across world regions and for the whole range of resources--for overcoming political and institutional obstacles to better natural resource policies and practices.

At a time when the depletion of natural resources threatens to undermine the economic prospects of many developing countries, this book offers structural reform recommendations that get to the heart of faulty natural resource management. Amid the tragedies of squandered resources, some hopeful reverses point the way to constructive reform strategies. This book will be of interest to government officials, activists, and the international community.

Why Governments Waste Natural Resources: Policy Failures in Developing Countries epub download

ISBN13: 978-0801860959

ISBN: 0801860954

Author: Professor William Ascher

Category: Social Sciences

Subcategory: Politics & Government

Language: English

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press; First Edition edition (July 1, 1999)

Pages: 352 pages

ePUB size: 1495 kb

FB2 size: 1567 kb

Rating: 4.1

Votes: 299

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Related to Why Governments Waste Natural Resources: Policy Failures in Developing Countries ePub books

Maman
Anyone interested in conservation or resource use should have this book. It is the first book I have seen that actually tells in detail how bad resource use decisions are made in Third World countries. I picked it up with a sense of "ho hum--another book on resource econ--I bet I know it all already." I did know most of what Ascher says, but I hung on every word anyway, because what he does with the info is so original and incisive. He provides many case studies of resource management failures. I have worked in many of the countries involved, and can testify to the accuracy and insight of the accounts (though he does pull a few punches). There are some problems. The worst is that he confines his attention to Third World countries, even when they are just doing what First World countries told them. His discussion of Mexico's disastrous irrigation policy, for instance, does not include the fact that Mexico was copying the US, and with US advice. Mexico was a fine student--managed to wreck the land, water, and small-farm economy as badly as the US has! (Ascher might have compared Charles Wilkinson's BEYOND THE LAST MERIDIAN to the Mexico case.) Brazil's disastrous "development" of the Amazon was also inspired by US example (the "winning of the west"--Indian genocide and all). In short, Ascher has put his finger on general processes of resource devastation, not "Third World" ones. This being said--this is an essential book for conservationists and resource economists.
Maman
Anyone interested in conservation or resource use should have this book. It is the first book I have seen that actually tells in detail how bad resource use decisions are made in Third World countries. I picked it up with a sense of "ho hum--another book on resource econ--I bet I know it all already." I did know most of what Ascher says, but I hung on every word anyway, because what he does with the info is so original and incisive. He provides many case studies of resource management failures. I have worked in many of the countries involved, and can testify to the accuracy and insight of the accounts (though he does pull a few punches). There are some problems. The worst is that he confines his attention to Third World countries, even when they are just doing what First World countries told them. His discussion of Mexico's disastrous irrigation policy, for instance, does not include the fact that Mexico was copying the US, and with US advice. Mexico was a fine student--managed to wreck the land, water, and small-farm economy as badly as the US has! (Ascher might have compared Charles Wilkinson's BEYOND THE LAST MERIDIAN to the Mexico case.) Brazil's disastrous "development" of the Amazon was also inspired by US example (the "winning of the west"--Indian genocide and all). In short, Ascher has put his finger on general processes of resource devastation, not "Third World" ones. This being said--this is an essential book for conservationists and resource economists.
Gralmeena
I made a tiny research on why are the reforestation governmental programs failing in Southeast Mexico, where rainforest restoration would be a plausible profitable activity. I looked for conceptual bases here and there and Ascher's book was definetely one of the most useful sources I found. It explains clearly why resource management fails when looked from the implementation of policies logic, with strong conceptual basis. The role of policies is accentuated and it manages to make the reader understand few things can be done if there is not a clear political line behind resource management. Several examples illustrate both successful and failure cases, in diverse ecosystems. I highly recommend this book for anyone interested in understanding, at different levels, why the world's biodiversity is apparently lost without remedy.

Happy reading!

Ximena
Gralmeena
I made a tiny research on why are the reforestation governmental programs failing in Southeast Mexico, where rainforest restoration would be a plausible profitable activity. I looked for conceptual bases here and there and Ascher's book was definetely one of the most useful sources I found. It explains clearly why resource management fails when looked from the implementation of policies logic, with strong conceptual basis. The role of policies is accentuated and it manages to make the reader understand few things can be done if there is not a clear political line behind resource management. Several examples illustrate both successful and failure cases, in diverse ecosystems. I highly recommend this book for anyone interested in understanding, at different levels, why the world's biodiversity is apparently lost without remedy.

Happy reading!

Ximena